Rabu, 26 Juni 2013

A Muslim Archipelago: Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia

Max L. Gross; A Muslim Archipelago: Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia
National Defense Intelligence College
Washington, DC
March 2007

Dr. Max Gross, a trained historian, has written a baseline history of Islam in Southeast Asia. Starting with basic questions such as how did Islam come to this region, he connects the interaction of local authorities, colonial powers, and governments with the challenge Islam has presented to governance for more than a thousand years. Especially strong are the introductory and concluding chapters. The former provides a short scan of the history of the expansion of Islam into Southeast Asia and of the relationship of colonial legacies of the British, Dutch, Portuguese, Spanish, and Americans to Islam today in the region. The last chapter traces the development of the idea of an Islamic state from the time of Mohammad in Medina to its present-day role in the politics of Southeast Asia.
Still, this is a book with a contemporary focus. Dr. Gross’s purpose is to use history to explain today’s Islamic insurgencies in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines and to offer perspectives for the future. These four countries fall along a spectrum. Indonesia, the world’s largest Muslim country, is about 90 percent Muslim, and the conflicts which Dr. Gross examines are largely between a secularization of Islam, especially Sukarno’s Pancasila mixing Islam and nationalism, and the much more traditional Islamic orthopraxy among the Acehnese and others. Malaysia has a different context; its population is 53 percent Muslim, and the central question concerns accommodation between the majority Muslims and the minority Christians and ethnic Chinese. In Thailand and the Philippines, where the Muslims are minorities themselves (approximately four and five percent respectively), the question is political accommodation in the opposite direction. Underlying most of these confl icts are separatist histories based not only on religious differences but also on geographic, ethnic, racial, and social disparities.
This book’s unique contribution is that it brings together in one reference a mass of information on the insurgencies in Southeast Asia. The country accounts are detailed and thorough as to events, organizations, dates, and participants. The chronological context provides Dr. Gross the opportunity to give his insights about historical causality. His accounting highlights the interaction of the insurgencies within Southeast Asia and their international connections outside the region. Especially good are the detailed presentations in the chapters on Indonesia and the Philippines.

The Legendary Biographies of Tamerlane: Islam and Heroic Apocrypha in Central Asia

Ron Sela, "The Legendary Biographies of Tamerlane: Islam and Heroic Apocrypha in Central Asia (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization)"
Publisher: Cambridge University Press | ISBN 10: 0521517060 | 2011 | PDF | 184 pages | 6 MB

Timur (or Tamerlane) is famous as the fourteenth-century conqueror of much of Central Eurasia and the founder of the Timurid dynasty. His reputation lived on in his native lands and reappeared some three centuries after his death in the form of fictional biographies, authored anonymously in Persian and Turkic. These biographies have become part of popular culture. Despite a direct continuity in their production from the eighteenth century to the present, they remain virtually unknown to people outside the region. This remarkable and rigorous scholarly appraisal of the legendary biographies of Tamerlane is the first of its kind in any language. The book sheds light not only on the character of Tamerlane and how he was remembered and championed by many generations after his demise, but also on the era in which the biographies were written and how they were conceived and received by the local populace during an age of crisis in their own history.


Author:Ralph W. Stice
Publisher:ACW Press

Description:Based on extensive research of Muslims, Islamic teachers and Imams over two decades and 10 years of living among them, Ralph Stice believes that Islam will play a central role in the End Times. Despite our government's best efforts to halt terrorism, it will fail because God will use Islam in His larger purpose of bringing world history to a close. TABLE OF CONTENTS: Prologue: America 2017: Life under an Islamic Antichrist "We Should Have Warned Them": Why This Book Was Written The Twigs Are Tender, The Leaves Are Out: Closing In On the End Times The Role of Islam in the End Times What Are Muslims Really Like? Trends in the Islamic World The Men All Muslims Await What Muslims Want A Possible Timeline Other Biblical Evidences of an Islamic Antichrist The Sin That Will Cut America's Throat A Proper Response to These Times

On the Edge of Empire: Hadhramawt, Emigration, and the Indian Ocean, 1880S-1930s

Linda Boxberger, "On the Edge of Empire: Hadhramawt, Emigration, and the Indian Ocean, 1880S-1930s (S U N Y Series in Near Eastern Studies)"
Publisher: State University of New York Press | 2002 | ISBN 0791452174 | PDF | 292 pages

The social and political history of Qu'ayti and Kathiri sultanates of Hadhramawt during their gradual incorporation into the British Empire.

Engseng Ho, "The Graves of Tarim: Genealogy and Mobility across the Indian Ocean (California World History Library) "
Publisher: University of California Press | ISBN 10: 0520244532 | 2006 | PDF | 406 page

The Graves of Tarim narrates the movement of an old diaspora across the Indian Ocean over the past five hundred years. Ranging from Arabia to India and Southeast Asia, Engseng Ho explores the transcultural exchanges--in kinship and writing--that enabled Hadrami Yemeni descendants of the Muslim prophet Muhammad to become locals in each of the three regions yet remain cosmopolitans with vital connections across the ocean. At home throughout the Indian Ocean, diasporic Hadramis engaged European empires in surprising ways across its breadth, beyond the usual territorial confines of colonizer and colonized. A work of both anthropology and history, this book brilliantly demonstrates how the emerging fields of world history and transcultural studies are coming together to provide groundbreaking ways of studying religion, diaspora, and empire.
Ho interprets biographies, family histories, chronicles, pilgrimage manuals and religious law as the unified literary output of a diaspora that hybridizes both texts and persons within a genealogy of Prophetic descent. By using anthropological concepts to read Islamic texts in Arabic and Malay, he demonstrates the existence of a hitherto unidentified canon of diasporic literature. His supple conceptual framework and innovative use of documentary and field evidence are elegantly combined to present a vision of this vital world region beyond the histories of trade and European empire.

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